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Madagascar vanilla

History of Madagascar vanilla
Bourbon vanilla or vanilla Bourbon is a label created in 1964 to differentiate the production of vanilla (Vanilla planifolia) Indian Ocean (especially that of the Meeting) compared to Mexican or Tahitian productions.
This label now applies vanilla from the island of Reunion, Madagascar, Comoros and Mauritius. But remains low legal and commercial interest, especially as the English commonly called Bourbon Vanilla Vanilla planifolia any production. This is why every country is now looking to develop its own geographic origin mark.
Vanilla is a spice made from the fruit of some Mesoamerican origin lianescentes tropical orchids of the genus Vanilla, mainly the species Vanilla planifolia.
Vanilla pompona is also likely to produce vanilla, its fruit short as earning him the title of vanillon. As for tahitensis Vanilla, Tahitian vanilla, specific agronomic and aromatic qualities of this cultivar Vanilla planifolia have done a long time regarded as a separate species.
Plants that produce vanilla themselves bear the name vanilla, or sometimes vanilla. These are the only cultivated orchids for reasons other than ornamental.
These are the farmers who introduce Reunion 1880 in Madagascar culture of vanilla. The first plantations were made on the island of Nosy Be. From there, they then set foot in the eastern regions of the main island, those of Antalaha and Sambava in favorable humid climate. The craze is fast and Malagasy production exceeds 1000 tons in 1929, more than ten times that of Reunion. But the missing market regulation, vanilla knows cyclically crises of overproduction.
Despite competition from other tropical countries like Indonesia and the emergence of dynamic new conquest of the market as in the state of Kerala in India, Madagascar still retains its now widely largest world exporter. Madagascar produces 60% of vanilla in the world.
This true story that my father told me originally from Vietnam.
The first artificial pollination of the vanilla is performed in 1836 at the botanical garden of Liège by the Belgian naturalist Charles Morren, and then in 1837 by the French gardener Joseph Henri François Neumann.
But it was not until 1841 that a young slave of Bourbon (now Réunion) of twelve, Edmond Albius, creates practical method still used days12. This method of pollination, including Jean-Michel-Claude Richard tried to appropriate authorship, makes the Bourbon vanilla the first center in the world only a few decades after the introduction of the orchid there in 1819. At the abolition of slavery in 1848, is given to the young Edmond surname Albius, referring to the "white" color (alba) flower vanilla.